Capric or caprylic triglyceride is a clear liquid derived from coconut oil, which is an edible substance that comes from the coconut nut of the coconut palm tree. Coconut palms, cocos nucifera, grow around the world in lowland tropical and subtropical areas where annual precipitation is low. Healthy coconut palms produce 50 nuts per year, and the tree can be used to produce everything from food and drink to fibers, building materials, and natural ingredients. Capric or caprylic triglyceride is a digestible ingredient used in hundreds of personal care and household products, such as baby wipes, lotion, makeup, deodorant, sunscreen and hair-care items.[3,4,5]
Sometimes known as fractionated coconut oil, caprylic or capric triglyceride is widely used in many skin products due to its rapid penetration ability. It helps bind moisture to the skin and has a neutral color and odor.
Caprylic triglyceride is the mixed triester of glycerin and caprylic and capric acids. It is made by first separating the fatty acids and the glycerol in coconut oil. This is done by hydrolyzing the coconut oil, which involves applying heat and pressure to the oil to split it apart. The acids then go through esterification to add back the glycerol. The resulting oil is called capric or caprylic triglyceride. It has different properties from raw coconut oil.[8,9]
We use capric or caprylic triglyceride in our products as a moisturizer. Palm oil is a common alternative, but it is an endangered resource. The Cosmetic Ingredient Review has deemed capric or caprylic triglyceride safe in cosmetic formulations, and the Food and Drug Administration has deemed capric or caprylic triglyceride as Generally Recognized as Safe in food. Whole Foods has deemed the ingredient acceptable in its body care quality standards.[11,12] Studies show that capric or caprylic triglyceride have very low toxicity to people and animals when eaten, injected, or put on the skin and eyes. Studies also show capric or caprylic triglyceride is not a skin irritant.